Location: Krakow, Poland
Built: 16th century.
Wawel Hill has long since been an important area of settlement. There were Slavic people here as early as the 7th century. The hill held an important fortification of the Vislane tribe in the 9th century, and members of the Piast Dynasty resided here.
My visit was fairly short, but I enjoyed the grandness of the place.
First, the streets of Krakow-
Just outside the city walls:
Inside a small shop:
Note the Hussar 'wings'. The Hussar were a heavy cavalry and the Polish Hussar were well renowned in battle. More info here.
Looking out over the city:
Here be dragons:
Inside the castle walls:
And lastly, a castle that is several days (by horse drawn carriage) from Krakow (and a few hours by car):
You can read about the history of Wawel and the area here.